Nonlinear dynamics of optical frequency combs (NEMO)

 

Optical frequency combs (OFCs) are light sources with a spectrum containing thousands of equally spaced laser lines. OFCs have revolutionized precise optical frequency measurements by making it possible to directly link any optical frequency to a microwave clock. Nowadays they are the indispensable equipment for many other applications, ranging from synchronization of telecommunication systems to astronomical spectral calibration and biomedical or environmental spectrometry. To date, most of the comb spectroscopies rely on table-top mode-locked femtosecond laser systems. As an alternative, passive comb sources based on Kerr microresonators have shown the technological possibility to reduce the size of a comb source to that of a sensing device. The tight confinement of light within the resonator enhances the intensity-dependent nonlinear interaction, thus enabling efficient frequency conversion of pump photons to signal and idler sidebands. However, the threshold power of Kerr combs remains too high for permitting a chip-scale comb source with an integrated pump laser. In the NEMO project we develop novel breakthrough technologies that will enable chip-based OFC sources. The first technology is that of OFCs based on quadratic nonlinear materials, which permits to reduce the pump power threshold down to the microwatt level, and the simultaneous generation of combs in different spectral regions. The second technology is that of frequency combs directly generated from a quantum cascade semiconductor laser. A key requirement for all applications is that the comb should be stable and exhibit low-phase noise operation. This is challenging because both passive and active OFC sources are nonlinear devices that exhibit a highly complex, and essentially chaotic dynamics. To be able to practically utilize OFCs based on quadratic and Kerr nonlinearities, it is crucial to develop a comprehensive theoretical understanding of the nonlinear dynamics for comb generation processes, and study the existence, behavior and stability of these devices. In this project we seek to alleviate this need by developing a novel theoretical framework able to predict the behavior and stability of both passive and active OFC sources.

 

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SiQuro: On silicon chip quantum optics for quantum computing and secure communications

SiQuro logoSIQURO aims at bringing the quantum world into integrated photonics by using the silicon platform and, therefore, permitting in a natural way the integration of quantum photonics with electronics. In this way, by using the same successful paradigm of microelectronics, the vision is to have low cost and mass manufacturable integrated quantum photonic circuits for a variety of different applications in quantum computing, secure communications and services. This will be achieved on one side by engineering the optical properties of silicon by using nanotechnology and material sciences and on the other side by developing suitable quantum theories to predict the properties of photons in such a specific systems.

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FIRB NEMATIC: Nanoporous materials: self assembled blackboard to study structure and interactions of DNA

FIRB logo NEMATIC aims at developing a totally new analytical platform able to study the effects of proteins on nucleic acid structure and topology. Such analysis will be performed investigating electrically driven translocation events of DNA molecules through nanopore-based microarrays.
The porous blackboard developed by NEMATIC will constitute an important step towards the realization of analytical systems able to:
- detect biological molecules on the basis of biochemical and steric interactions;
- detect DNA modifications followed by interactions with proteins and describe which type of modifications occurred, based on a multiplexed approach,
- analyze complex mechanisms involved in genome stability.

 

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IRIS: Integrated Reconfigurable sIlicon phonic Switch

IRIS logo

IRIS aims at fabricating a highly integrated, scalable, transparent and high capacity WDM Photonic Switch used as an Transponder Aggregator (TPA), a novel function which will be added to existing ROADM nodes without disrupting their architecture while adding attributes such as colourless, directionless and contention
less.
For Metro networks, this switch will provide flexibility, energy efficiency, very small footprint,low cost and faster reconfigurability (microsecond regime) as they are particularly required in this segment of the network and, in conjunction with an intelligent control and management plane, it will empower future software defined networking (SDN).
This novel integrated switch architecture is also suitable for Data Center networking due to its capability to manage large throughput in a single chip with low cost, low footprint and low power consumption.

The new TPA will be based on a fully integrated electro-photonic device realized by using Silicon Photonics wi

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